Khaleej Times, Thursday, Jan 26, 2023 | Rajab 4, 1444
Record oil supply will not meet 2023 demand surge: IEA
Record oil supply of 101.1 million barrels per day in 2023 will not meet surging
global demand, leading to a significant shortfall in availability by the end of
2023, according to the International Energy agency.
In its latest forecast, the IEA has projected demand to rise by 1.9 million
barrels per day to 101.7 million barrels per day (bpd) this year, an upgrade
from its previous forecast for a 1.7 million bpd increase, and supply to
increase by one million bpd to 101.1 million bpd. These compare with respective
forecasts of 101.6 million bpd and 100.8 million bpd made in December.
The Paris-based EIA significantly lowered its price forecast for Brent crude oil
for 2023 and 2024. The agency in its short term energy outlook lowered Brent
price forecast to $83.1 per barrel for 2023 versus its previous forecast of
$92.3 per barrel. This compares to the 2022 average price of $100.94 per barrel
i.e. a decline of 18 per cent in 2023. The forecast for 2024 was further lower
at $77.57, a y-o-y decline of 6.6 per cent. In terms of monthly trend, Brent
crude averaged at $80.4 during December-2022 after witnessing a monthly decline
of 11.8 per cent, the biggest decline since April-2020. The decline in Opec
crude basket was similar at 11.2 per cent to average at $79.7 per barrel.
According to Kamco Invest, oil prices continued to remain volatile at the start
of 2023 and went below the $80 mark after steep declines on the first two
consecutive days at the start of the year that resulted in a weekly decline of
8.5 per cent during the first week of the year. The decline was led by fears of
an economic slowdown after several warnings of a recession in 2023 due to a
slowdown in the US, the EU and China.
Supply outstripping demand
The IEA’s monthly Oil Market Report (OMR) forecast shows supply outstripping
demand by nearly one million bpd in the current quarter and in the second
quarter again marginally, before a flip. Demand in the third and fourth quarters
will be 1.6 million bpd and 2.4 million bpd, respectively, above supply, it
said. The IEA cautioned that the timing and pace of a Chinese demand recovery
and of Russian supply resilience will affect its forecasts.
The former is surrounded by even more uncertainty than usual but the IEA doubts
there will be a big upward revision given a "persistently dim macroeconomic
outlook" in the country. But China will overtake India to become the leader in
oil demand growth, the IEA added, slightly raising its full-year forecast for
that to 850,000 b/d.
Around 75 per cent of the rise in 2023 demand comes from non-OECD regions.
Growth in developed regions will be just 470,000bpd, down from 1.1 million bpd
in 2022. The IEA said OECD demand in the final three months of last year fell by
910,000bpd on the year.
The IEA upgraded its projection for supply growth by 230,000 bpd from its
December OMR, fuelled by producing regions outside the Opec+ group. The US,
Brazil, Norway, Canada and Guyana will all contribute to a 1.9 million bpd rise
in supply from outside the producer alliance. Opec+ supply will fall by 870,000
bpd because of restrictions on Russia. Excluding that country, Opec+ supply will
rise by 460,000 bpd.
The IEA called Russia a wild card, noting that production merely dipped in
December when the EU import ban and G7-led price cap came into force. But it
said this will change after the EU bans imports of Russian refined products in
early February, when Moscow's apparent move to increase refinery throughput and
store significant amounts of oil will be challenged.
The IEA forecasts that around 1.6 million bpd of Russian production will be shut
in by the end of the first quarter, compared with pre-war levels, and this will
reduce output to 9.7 million bpd in 2023, down by 1.3 million bpd from 2022.
According to the IEA, global stocks rose sharply by 79.1 million barrels in
November to the highest in 13 months buoyed by the amount of oil on the water as
Russian exports were diverted further afield.